SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


Uses of the simple present tense

  • We use the simple present tense for statements that are always true.
    Summer
    follows spring. Gases expand when heated.
  • We use the simple present tense to refer to events, actions or situations which are true in the present period of time
    My mother works in a bank. Her brother wears glasses.
  • We use the simple present tense to describe habitual actions.
    I get up at 6:30. Ali visits her parents every day.


Yandaki resimde Bayan Alleyne, Bay Alleyne, Sally, kedi ve şömine ile ilgili Geniş Zaman kullanılarak oluşturulan ifadeleri okuyunuz. Bu ifadelerde resimdeki karakterler ile kedi ve şömine hakkında genel bilgiler var.Bayan Alleyne’yi kitap okurken görüyoruz oysa bu sayfada Bayan Alleyne hakkında bilgi içeren "Bayan Alleyne genellikle kitap okur." ifadesi var.



Compare the sentences below
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE                    PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE
Mrs. Alleyne usually reads a book. Mrs. Alleyne is reading a book.

Mr. Alleyne often plays the piano. Mr. Alleyne is playing the piano.

A fireplace sometimes burns all A fire is burning in the fireplace.
dayin cold weather.

Sally often listens to the piano. Sally is listening to the piano.

The cat usually sleeps on the sofa. The cat is sleeping on the sofa.

  • Use the present simple for things you do every day / week / year etc.

  • Use the present progressive for things you are doing now






Mr. Alleyne Mrs. Alleyne Sally.............................A fireplace ........................A cat


Read the questions and answers below.
  • The teacher : Is Mrs. Alleyne reading a book now?
  • The student : No, she isn’t. But she usually reads a book.
  • The teacher : Is Mr. Alleyne playing the piano now?
  • The student : No, he isn’t. But he often plays the piano.
  • The teacher : Is the fireplace burning now?
  • The student : No, it isn’t. But it sometimes burns all day in cold weather.
  • The teacher : Is Sally listening to the piano now?
  • The student : No, she isn’t. But she often listens to the Piano.
  • The teacher : Is the cat sleeping at the moment?
  • The student : No, it isn’t. But it usually sleeps on the sofa.

We add -s or -es to the base form of the verb in the third person singular.

  • Most verbs add " -s "
    • play / plays
    • work / works
    • drive / drives

  • Verbs add " -es "
    • when they end in -s kiss / kisses
    • when they end in -x mix / mixes
    • when they end in -o go / goes
    • when they end in -ch catch / catches
    • when they end in -sh push / pushes

  • There is a consonant before -y, change to -ies
    • try / tries
    • cry / cries

Frequency Adverbs:

They go before the verb
They go after "be", "don't" and "doesn't"

  • always % 100
  • usually
  • often
  • sometimes
  • never % 0

I always drink water.

I often play tennis at the weekends.


Time Expressions:

  • every day
  • every morning
  • every evening
  • every Monday, etc.
  • every night, etc.

I have breakfast every morning.

I sleep at 11:00 o’clock every night.


Prepositions used in Simple Present Sentences :
  • in the morning/afternoon/evening
  • in January
  • in Spring
  • in 1962
  • on Friday
  • at six o’clock

What time does the film start? It starts at 8:30.

He always watches TV in the evening.

I don’t work on Sundays.

Elif’s birthday is in August.

SENTENCE CHART in Simple Present Tense.















do not : don’t

does not : doesn’t


  • EXERCISE 1 :

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

  • The sky is (be) blue.
  • I don’t drink (not/ drink) coffee every morning.
  • What time do you usually go (go) to school?

1. Ann often ……………….. (take) a shower.

2. I …….. (live) in a small town in the south of Turkey.

3. The Earth …….. (go) round the Sun.

4. What time ………………. Kate ……………… (finish) work?

5. Alice ……………….. (not/ take) the bus to school every day.


  • EXERCISE 2 :

Answer the following questions using the clues in brackets.

  • What time do you usually get up in the morning? (6:30)
    I usually get up at 6:30 in the morning.

1. What time do you often have breakfast? ( 7:30)

..................................................................................... .

2. What time do you take the bus to work every day? (8:00)

.................................................................................... .

3. What time do you usually arrive work ? (9:00)

..................................................................................... .

4. What time do you always go to bed? (11:30)

..................................................................................... .

  • EXERCISE 3 :

Complete the sentences by using the correct form of the verbs inbrackets.
Use Present Continuous or Simple Present .

  • e.g Shhh! The baby is sleeping (sleep) now. The baby sleeps (sleep) for ten hours every day.

1. It …......……. (not/ rain) now . But it usually …...……. (rain) in Autumn.

2. Ali ………… (speak) Turkish. Turkish is his native language, but right now

he ……………. (speak) English.

3. It is a lovely weekend. Alice ……………………….. (walk) down

the road now. She sometimes ....….. ( walk ) to get to work in the morning.

Anasayfa

kaynaklar:MEB




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